After finishing Silver, Sword, and Stone: Three Crucibles of the Latin American Story, I felt as if I’d been beaten about the head and ears. The “brutal calculus” of Latin American history simply clobbered me, left me reeling. Marie Arana calls her book a mixture of history and reportage, and that approach, I think, is what makes it so readable, but her work is massive in both scholarship and scope: from the Pre-Columbian to the Perons, conquistadores to Castro, Santiago to Pope Francis I. Its structure and focus are derived from three major currents, co-equal driving forces of Latin American history, identified in the title as silver, sword and stone.
Silver for wealth: mineral, agricultural, fossil fuels, and drugs. Sword for violence: war, conquest, revolution, terrorism, dictatorships, gangs. Stone for religion: the Sun God, ancient sacrifices, Catholicism, missionary zeal, political involvement. All leading to or resulting in weakened extractive societies and exploitation driven by greed. For each of the three, Ms. Arana weaves in a humanizing touch, stories of three individuals, living examples of silver, sword and stone in today’s Latin America. Leonor Gonzales is the wife, now widow, of a sick, impoverished gold miner. Carlos Buergos, a petty Cuban criminal, fought in Angola and was expelled from Cuba when Castro emptied the prisons of “undesirables”. Spaniard Xavier Albo, a Jesuit priest from Catalan, has served the Church in Bolivia since he was seventeen and is now in his nineties.
To this day there is a cruelly high economic imbalance between rich and poor in most of Latin America and a pronounced arc toward violence and instability. Latin American countries and cities are often in the majority on lists of the World’s most dangerous. Exploitation and greed, internal and external, historic and current. Ms. Arana is both fair and thorough in her examination of these volatile parts of our world, and her timely book is a good balance of scholarship and readability. Effective and affecting.
Available at booksellers everywhere on August 27, 2019. Shop your local indie bookstore to pre-order.
Full Disclosure: A review copy of this book was provided to me by Simon & Schuster via NetGalley in exchange for an honest review. I would like to thank the publisher, the author and NetGalley for providing me this opportunity. All opinions expressed herein are my own.